2012 Ferrari FF
The revolutionary FF offers a completely new take on the sporting Grand Tourer theme. It is not only the first Ferrari with four-wheel drive, but also, more significantly, a model that hails a major break with the past, effortlessly melding extreme sports car performance with the versatility and usability of a genuine GT and boasting an extremely innovative design.
Every single area of the FF brims with innovation, not least its engine, the first GDI V12 to be coupled with the seven-speed F1 dual-clutch gearbox. The V12 unleashes a massive 660 CV at 8,000 rpm, and maximum torque of 683 Nm at 6,000 rpm with 500 Nm already available at just 1,000 rpm. This ensures the performance figures of an extreme sports car, with the 0-100 km/h sprint covered in 3.7 seconds and a top speed of 335 km/h. Efficiency has been significantly boosted too, with fuel consumption now standing at just 15.4 litres per 100 km, and CO2 emissions at 360 g/km, a 25 per cent reduction compared to the previous V12s, thanks in part to the HELE (High Emotions- Low Emissions) System which incorporates Stop&Start technology.
Uniquely, the FF also guarantees this exceptional performance on terrain with very low grip coefficients, thanks to Ferrari's own patented 4RM four-wheel drive system. Torque is still delivered by the rear wheels, but the PTU (Power Transfer Unit) ensures that as much as is required is also transferred to the front wheels when necessary on low grip surfaces. The FF intelligently distributes torque to each of the four wheels individually, thanks to the fact that all of the dynamic vehicle controls (E-Diff, F1-Trac and PTU) have been integrated into a single CPU.
Exceptional sporty driving is guaranteed by the FF's transaxle architecture (mid-front engine with gearbox over the rear axle) and the positioning of 53% of weight to the rear of the car. Meticulous attention has been taken in lightening the engine (new castings), body shell (new aluminum alloys and production processes) and a host of other components. The interior has also been optimized through the use of high-tech materials such as magnesium for the seats. Third generation Brembo carbon-ceramic brakes are now lighter and longer-lasting, with virtually negligible wear during normal use on the road. All of these innovations have combined to produce an absolutely exceptional weight-power ratio of 2.7 kg/CV, a new benchmark for this kind of car.
Styled by Pininfarina, the FF's lines effortlessly reflect its signature uncompromising balance of sportiness and versatility. It can comfortably accommodate four in its body-hugging seats and spacious cabin. Its 450 litre boot can also be extended to 800 litres as the rear seats fold down independently. This means that the FF not only offers more luggage space than any other car in its category, but also more than many four-door sedans, too.
Everything aboard the FF is tailored specifically to the needs and tastes of its driver with a choice of six exclusive colours and the finest Frau aniline leathers specially treated to enhance their natural softness. The FF's exceptional specification enhances in-car enjoyment for all four occupants. Features include a new rear-seat infotainment system with two screens for watching TV and DVD and a 1,280-Watt, 16-channel stereo system with Quantumlogic Surround Sound.
While it's true that every Ferrari is innovative by definition, its equally true that in the course of the Prancing Horse's history, certain cars have market a genuine departure from the current range. This is very much the case with the Ferrari 458 Italia, which is a massive leap forward from the company's previous mid-rear engine sports cars.
The new model is a synthesis of style, creative flair, passion and cutting-edge technology, all characteristics for which Italy is well-known. For this reason Ferrari chose to add the name of its homeland to the traditional figure representing the displacement and number of cylinders.
The Ferrari 458 Italia is a completely new car from every point of view: engine, design, aerodynamics, handling, instrumentation and ergonomics, just to name a few.
A two-seater belinetta, the Ferrari 458 Italia, as is now traditional for all Ferrari's road going cars, benefits hugely from the company's Formula 1 experience. This is particularly evident in the speed and precision with which the car responds to driver inputs and in the attention focused on reducing internal friction in the engine for lower fuel consumption that the F430, despite the fact that both overall displacement and power have increased. However, Ferrari's track experience makes its presence felt in the 458 Italia not only in terms of pure technological transfer but also on a more emotional level, because of the strong emphasis on creating an almost symbiotic relationship between driver and car. The 458 Italia features an innovative driving environment with a new kind of steering wheel and dashboard that is the direct result of racing practice. Once again, input from Michael Schumacher, who was involved from the very start of the 458 Italia project, played an invaluable part.
The Ferrari 458 Italia's Pininfarina design provides further evidence of the complete departure from the past that this new car hails. The Ferrari 458 Italia has a compact, aerodynamic shape, underscoring the concepts of simplicity, efficiency and lightness that inspired the project. As with every Ferrari, the car's styling has been very heavily influenced by the requirements for aerodynamic efficiency and lightness that inspired the project. As with every Ferrari, the car's styling has been very heavily influenced by the requirement for aerodynamic efficiency, as can be seen from the down force of 140 kg at 200km/h generated by the new model. The front features a single opening for the front grille and side air intakes, with aerodynamic sections and profiles designed to direct air to the coolant radiators and new flat underbody. The nose also sports small aeroelastic winglets which generate down force and, as speed rises, deform to reduce the section of the radiator inlets and cut drag.
The new 4499 cc V8 is the first Ferrari direct injection engine to be mid-rear mounted. It has very low piston-compression-height typical of racing engines which contributed to achieving its compression ratio of 12.5:1. Equipped with the traditional flat-plan crankshaft, the engine delivers 570 CV at 9000 rpm and, with an outstanding power output of 127 CV/litre, sets a new benchmark not only for the whole Ferrari range and the history of the company, but also for the engine market segment. Maximum torque is 540 Nm at 6000 rpm, over 80 percent of which is available from 3250 rpm. Specific torque is a record 120 Nm/litre. However, what is truly extraordinary is the amount of torque available when still maintaining high levels of power at low revs.
The car's soundtrack is also typical Ferrari, with an exciting, powerful growl emerging from the engine before it channels through to the exhaust's three rear tailpipes.
The 458 Italia is equipped with the seven-speed dual-clutch transmission which increases performance while providing very smooth shifts even at full throttle. The engineers have developed specific, sportier gear ratios to match the power and torque curves of the new V8, guaranteeing high torque even at lower engine speeds and allowing the car to reach its maximum speed in top gear.
This new Ferrari is also a major leap forward when it comes to cutting emissions. Despite the fact that the new engine is significantly more powerful than the V8s that preceded it, the Ferrari 458 Italia produces just 320 g/km of CO2 and fuel consumption is 13.71/100 km (combined cycle), the best in the entire segment.
The engineers also focused on weight reduction during the design phase for similar reasons. Consequently, the Ferrari 458 Italia has a dry weight of 1380 kg with a power-to-weight ratio of 2.42 kg/CV. Weight distribution is also optimal with 58 percent over the rear axle. The result of the engineers' endeavors can be summed up in to two simple statistics which together perfectly encapsulate the Ferrari 458 Italia's exceptional performance: 0-100 km/h acceleration in under 3.4 seconds and a maximum speed in excess of 325 km/h.
For the new chassis, once more in aluminum, Maranello's engineers incorporated various types of advanced alloys along with aerospace industry-derived manufacturing and bonding techniques.
With regard to vehicle dynamics, the Ferrari 458 Italia's suspension features twin wishbones at the front and a multi-link set-up at the rear tuned for maximum road holding and superlative handling. Along with a more direct steering ratio, the 458 Italia thus offers extremely rapid turn-in and body control whilst maintaining superior ride comfort.
The integration of the E-Diff and F1-Trac (now controlled by the same ECU) and their respective mappings is even greater, resulting in a 32 percent increase in longitudinal acceleration out of corners compared to previous models. The evolution of the control logic, with even faster and more accurate calculation of level of grip, ensures even greater road handling, better handling and ease of control on the limit.
The same ECU also governs the high-performance ABS, providing even more precise control over the logic threshold and greater efficiency. The brakes also feature a prefill function whereby the pistons in the calipers move the pads into contact with the discs on lift off to minimize delay in the brakes being applied. This combined with the ABS has cut the 100-0 km/h braking distance to a mere 32.5 metres.
The Ferrari 458 Italia's interior is another area of the car that exalts its sporty personality. The driver is welcomed by a new layout and a revolutionary ergonomic interface where the main controls are all clustered on the steering wheel.
With the Ferrari 458 Italia, Maranello has brought a highly distinctive new car to its 8-cylinder range. The company now offers two models that share a common, race-derived DNA, both exceptionally sporty and fun to drive in true Ferrari tradition, but aimed at two very different kinds of client. While the Ferrari California was created for owners requiring a more versatile sports car with a practical edge, the 458 Italia is designed for the owner whose main priority is uncompromising on-road performance with occasional track day capability, but who still demands a car that is useable in day-to-day driving like all Ferrari's recent models.
The California is a convertible GT with retractable hardtop that makes it a car with a double soul: coupé and spider rolled into one. It is based on the original 2+ concept, which provides great flexibility for use in different conditions. It is the first Ferrari Granturismo with a mid-front 8-cylinder engine: a vehicle that uncompromisingly combines sportiness with versatility of use, guaranteeing the maximum driving pleasure that is characteristic of all cars from Maranello. Like all new Ferraris, this model contains a wealth of leading-edge technological solutions, starting with the new direct petrol injection V8 engine mounted in a frontal position and coupled, via the traditional transaxle system, to a dual-clutch transmission and 7 gears.
The Ferrari California is a highly exclusive sports car ideal for those who think of driving enjoyment as a value to pursue on every occasion: a weekend out of town, a cross-state journey, shopping in the city, or simply getting to the office. The rear baggage space has a capacity which is unique for a convertible of this type. The boot, for the first time, connects directly to the rear seats via the folding seat-back. When folded down, the hardtop takes up only 100 of the 340 liters in the luggage compartment, thus saving plenty of storage for personal belongings. The large amount of space available allows two large and two small suitcases to be accommodated or, with the seat back folded down, two golf bags, skis, or snowboards.
This is the first V8 in history of Ferrari homologated cars to be mounded in a mid-front position. Displacement is 4,297 cm³ with a maximum output of 460 HP, or 107 HP per liter, at 7,750 rpm, with the possibility to go up to 8,000 rpm. Less than 4 seconds are needed to reach 100 km per hour, thanks to an innovative new Launch Control device that delivers maximum acceleration to the vehicle on stationary starts.
599 GTB Fiorano
When Ferrari engineers started working on what was to become the new 599, the mission briefing even tougher: ensure the car retains all of the trademarks of an exclusive luxury car while exceeding the performance of one of Ferrari's own iconic supercars, the F40.
To achieve this, the team had to work with the same focus of their Formula 1 counterparts, concentrating on every single area of the car's performance with a single goal in mind - absolute excellence.
This result is truly impressive: the Ferrari 599 GTB boasts the best weight-to-power ratio of its category, ideal weight distribution thanks to the concentration of mechanical mass between the two axles, and exceptional aerodynamics efficiency even without any external appendages. Clothed in a stylish and innovative body that oozes character, this pinnacle of engineering achievement delivers the kind of performance that beats a host of long-standing records. The 'Fiorano', in fact, not only exceeds the performance of similar front-engined cars, but also that of the legendary mid-engined F40.
The Ferrari 599 GTB Fiorano's performance can be summed up briefly as follows: 620 hp, a weight-power ratio less than 2.6 kg/hp, a maximum speed of over 205 mph and 0-62 mph acceleration in just 3.7 seconds. The engine is a 65° V12 with a 5999 cm³ displacement that delivers a specific power output of 103 hp/liter. Its architecture was derived directly from the Enzo's. A further development of the same engine, this time for track-only use, was used on the recent Ferrari FXX also. The basic architecture of the Enzo Engine was retained while new components and subassemblies were designed to yield high engine revs, significantly reduce weight and optimize its distribution, and yield a more compact power unit. The F1 gearbox is controlled by the driver using the now traditional steering wheel-mounted Ferrari paddles. The reverse and other secondary gearbox commands are set in a new central tunnel-mounted panel.